The issue of establishing stable infrastructure in order to increase availability of clean water and sanitation in Eastern Africa
In today's rapidly developing world, establishing stable infrastructure in order to increase the availability of clean water and sanitation in Eastern Africa has become a burdening concern. As of right now, a staggering 30 percent of South Sudan has little to no accessibility to safe water. In fact, 300 of sub-Saharan Africa’s 800 million inhabitants live in a water-scarce environment, a large majority of which are concentrated in the East African region. Evidently, the importance of basic necessities such as water, sanitation, and hygiene in the socio-economic development of nations in East Africa cannot be overlooked. In these regions especially, where alternative resources are by no means readily available, water is primarily used for the maintenance of health, industrial development, food production, and several other crucial factors. A lack of water in an ever-increasing population simply cannot sustain such growth. The United Nations has acknowledged the urgency behind this issue for decades; most notably in July 2010 through Resolution 64/292, the United Nations General Assembly “explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation and acknowledged that clean drinking water and sanitation are essential to the realisation of all human rights.” Overall, it is imperative that this issue is efficiently and effectively resolved in order for the region’s developing countries to have the resources and ability to prosper socially and economically.
- How can developed nations help developing African countries sanitize their water from diseases including but not limited to Intestinal worms, Cholera, Schistosomiasis?
- Have there been any major NGO’s who have helped prevent this crisis from further developing?
- In which areas should nations begin focusing their resources in order to ameliorate the situation in regards to sanitation and water conditions?
- What measures have countries already taken to establish a solution for this fast growing dilemma?
- What is the ideal timetable to solve this crisis?
- What are some root causes in the situation in regards to sanitation and water conditions?
- What have the G20 done in order to help prevent further development of this crisis? What can they do in the future to ameliorate the current crisis?
- Where will the funding come from in order to get the access to clean water that is needed?
- What are the world-wide benefits of providing these LEDCs with clean and sanitized water?